GATHERING FOR QURAN RECITATION & ZIKR (HADEETH # 34 – 36)
Reciting the Holy Quran carries great reward, is one of the best Sunnahs, and the number of Ahadeeth describing its merits are numerous. The intention here is to list only the merits of gathering to recite the Quran and supplicate – not to list the merits of reading the Holy Quran itself.
Abu Huraira (may Allah be well pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger () as saying: He who alleviates the suffering of a brother out of the sufferings of the world, Allah would alleviate his suffering from the sufferings of the Day of Resurrection, and he who finds relief for one who is hard pressed, Allah would make things easy for him in the Hereafter, and he who conceals (the faults) of a Muslim, Allah would conceal his faults in the world and in the Hereafter. Allah is at the back of a servant so long as the servant is at the back of his brother, and he who treads the path in search of knowledge, Allah would make that path easy, leading to Paradise for him and those persons who assemble in the house among the houses of Allah (mosques) and recite the Book of Allah and they learn and teach the Quran there would descend upon them the tranquility and mercy would cover them and the angels would surround them and Allah makes a mention of them in the presence of those near Him, and he who is slow-paced in doing good deeds, his (high) lineage does not make him go ahead. (Muslim)
It is mentioned in Tafseer Rooh-ul-Bayan that when the recitation of the Quran is completed, 4,000 angels say A’ameen on the supplication after it, and they pray for the forgiveness of the reader (s)).
Imam Nawawi mentions in “Al Azkaar” that the famous Sahabi Syedna Anas (may Allah be well pleased with him) used to call people to his house to attend the supplication after the completion of Holy Quran’s recitation.
Abu Huraira (may Allah be well pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle () as saying that Allah has mobile squads of angels, who have no other work (to attend to) but to follow the assemblies of Zikr and when they find such assemblies in which there is Zikr (of Allah) they sit in them and some of them surround the others with their wings till the space between them and the sky of the world is fully covered, and when they disperse (after the assembly of Zikr is adjourned) they go upward to the heaven and Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, asks them although He is best informed about them: Where have you come from ?? They say: We come from Your servants upon the earth who had been glorifying You (reciting Subhan Allah), uttering Your Greatness (saying Allah o-Akbar) and uttering Your Oneness (La ilaha ill Allah) and praising You (uttering al-Hamdu Lillah) and begging of You. He would say: What do they beg of Me ?? They would say: They beg of You the Your Paradise. He (Allah) would say: Have they seen My Paradise ?? They said: No, our Lord. He would say: (What it would be then) if they were to see My Paradise ?? They (the angels) said: They seek Your protection. He (Allah) would say: Against what do they seek My protection ?? They (the angels) would say: Our Lord, from the Hell-Fire. He (Allah) would say: Have they seen My Fire ?? They would say: No. He (Allah) would say: What it would be if they were to see My Fire ?? They would say: They beg of You forgiveness. He would say: I grant pardon to them, and confer upon them what they ask for and grant them protection against which they seek protection. They (the angels) would again say: Our Lord, there is one amongst them such and such simple servant who happened to pass by (that assembly) and sat there along with them (who had been participating in that assembly). He (Allah) would say: I also grant him pardon, for they are a people the seat-fellows of whom are in no way unfortunate –(Muslim, Bukhari, Tirmizi, and Nasa’i)
Reported Abu Huraira (may Allah be well pleased with him), that the Holy Prophet () said, “When you pray for a dead man, make your prayer sincere for him” (Abu Daud, Ibn Majah)
So what is the Islamic view of “Quran Khuwanee” ?? Did the Holy Prophet or the Sahaba (may Allah be well pleased with them) do it in the manner of having say 30 people each reciting one part of the Quran ?? And what if is held on particular days such as (3rd, 10th, 40th, Annually etc) ??
From the above we have proved that gathering to read the Holy Quran ( a very meritorious act) is of course permitted, and to convey the reward (several types of meritorious acts) is commendable. When the Hadeeth says it is commendable, we need not pursue as to whether there is any “historical” evidence as to when and where it was actually done.