FASTING (HADEETH # 21 – 24)
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be well pleased with him) reports that a woman traveled in a boat and pledged that should Allah save her life, she would fast for a month. She was saved but she did not fast before she died. Her daughter or her sister asked the Holy Prophet () about that and he ordered her to fast on behalf of the deceased woman. (Abu-Daud, Nasai, Ahmad and others).
“A woman came to the Holy Prophet () and said, ‘I have given charity on behalf of my dead mother by giving away her female servant.’ The Holy Prophet () answered, ‘You will have its reward [and so will she] but return the female servant so that the inheritance [may be properly divided].’ The woman then said, ‘She used to owe fasts, can I fast on her behalf ??’ He answered, ‘You may fast on her behalf.’ The woman then said, ‘She did not perform Hajj, can I perform on her behalf ??’ The Holy Prophet () answered, ‘Yes. You may perform Hajj on her behalf.” (Tirmizi)
Narrated `Aisha (may Allah be well pleased with her): Allah’s Apostle () said, “Whoever died and he ought to have fasted (the missed days of Ramadan) then his guardians must fast on his behalf.” (Bukhari)
Narrated Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be well pleased with him): A man came to the Holy Prophet () and said, “O Allah’s Apostle () !! My mother died and she ought to have fasted one month (for her missed Ramadan). Shall I fast on her behalf ??” The Holy Prophet () replied in the affirmative and said, “Allah’s debts have more right to be paid.” In another narration a woman is reported to have said, “My sister died…” (Bukhari)